- privileges and immunities clause
- There are two Privileges and Immunities Clauses in the federal Constitution and Amendments, the first being found in Art. IV, and the second in the 14th Amendment, No. 1, second sentence, clause 1.The provision in Art. IV states that "The Citizens of each State shall be entitled to all Privileges and Immunities of Citizens in the several States," while the 14th Amendment provides that "No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States. The purpose of these Clauses is to place the citizens of each State upon the same footing with citizens of other states, so far as the advantages resulting from citizenship in those states is concerned; to insure that a citizen of State A who ventures into State B be accorded the same privileges that the citizens of State B enjoy. Toomer v. Witsell, 334 U.S. 385, 68 S.Ct. 1156, 92 L.Ed. 1460.Pursuing a common calling, plying a trade, and doing business in another state are examples of "privileges" protected by the privileges and immunities clause of the Federal Constitution. Powell v. Daily, Wyo., 712 P.2d 356, 359.See also full faith and credit clause.
Black's law dictionary. HENRY CAMPBELL BLACK, M. A.. 1990.
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